Leading with Prevention
A Resource Hub for State and Local Leaders Committed to Advancing Prevention Strategies that Build Child and Family Well-Being
About – A Partnership for Change
The American Public Human Services Association (APHSA) and the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) have partnered to support states and counties in seizing the monumental opportunity to shift the paradigm so that prevention of downstream child welfare involvement is a core priority for all family and community-serving entities. The window of opportunity toward shifting the public discourse and understanding to a collective vision rest on building a foundational family well-being roadmap based on known protective factors, strength-based approaches, and necessary universal support for all families.
The resources available in this hub can help support state and local leaders to advance the use of population-based health programs and services to establish a better cross-programmatic partnership between child welfare agencies and other essential agencies and community partners.
Should we seize the opportunity in front of us, the promise of successful transformative reform will fulfill a legacy of family and child well-being. Child and family well-being belongs to all of us.
Agency & Community Collaborations
How can child protection agencies partner with early care and education to improve outcomes for children?
This resource from Casey Family Programs emphasizes the benefit of participation in early care and education (ECE) and partnership with child protection agencies. Many of the recommendations are informed by findings from federal projects and initiatives.
First-of-its-Kind National Partnership Aims to Redesign Child Welfare into Child and Family Well-being Systems (September 2020)
This announcement describes a nationwide initiative for cross sector collaboration to create equitable systems and address intergenerational cycles of trauma and poverty.
A brief on the important work of collaboration between CBCAP and Child Welfare highlighting various examples from around the country.
This report from APHSA and ASTHO shares details on prevention programs focusing on the reduction of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and includes details of child welfare and public health partnering in incorporating evidence-based and promising practices, with examples from Baltimore, MD, Alabama, and Kentucky.
A Systematic Review of The Effectiveness of Interagency and Cross-System Collaborations in The United States to Improve Child Welfare Outcomes
This systematic review summarizes the effects of interagency and cross-system collaboration aimed to improve child welfare-involved children and family outcomes related to safety, permanency, and well-being.
This brief highlights federal funding streams that can support a continuum of services to prevent children from entering the child welfare system. It also shares examples of how communities are leveraging such funding streams at the local level.
Public Health Approach
This presentation by Dr. Deborah Daro, senior research fellow at Chapin Hall, describes a public health model of presentation for child welfare agencies to utilize that would be better suited to effective community response. A public health approach employs population-level data to provide universal prevention interventions. Dr. Daro presented this approach at a two-day convening hosted by Casey Family Programs in May 2018.
Casey Family Programs proposes a population-based approach to child welfare cases to create a shared vision of promoting child and family well-being. A population-based approach is argued to provide all families access to supports necessary to reach their full potential.
In this podcast episode from ASTHO, APHSA CEO Tracy Wareing Evans and ASTHO CEO Michael Fraser discuss the importance of incorporating a prevention first model in the child welfare system.
This article published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention details how in partnership with the state of North Carolina they implemented the Essentials for Childhood Initiative. This paper describes North Carolina's approach to the initiative, how the initiative identified stakeholders and developed a shared agenda, how the workgroups operated and what they achieved, communication strategies implemented, and other accomplishments achieved.
Applying a Public Health Approach: The Role of State Health Departments in Preventing Maltreatment and Fatalities of Children
This paper discusses the public health model and social-ecology framework as ways to understand and address child maltreatment prevention and discusses the critical role health departments can have in preventing abuse and neglect.
Data & Technology
This resource from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention discusses the best available evidence to prevent adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with six strategies drawn from the CDC Technical Packages to Prevent Violence.
Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) FY2020 on demographic, case related and service information on all children in foster care and children.
Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) FY2019 on demographic, case related and service information on all children in foster care and children.
NEW! How Child Welfare Professionals Search For, Access, and Share Information: Findings from The National Child Welfare Information Study
This study shares findings from the National Child Welfare Information Study between January and March 2009, assessing how child welfare professionals use mobile technology and social media. This technology provided access to child welfare information, improved family and community outreach strategies, and disseminated information on resources and events to colleagues. Findings reveal that while information technology and social media gained prominence in child welfare, their usage is more prevalent among younger professionals than older workers.
This report assesses innovative technologies affecting child welfare services. These tools include using cloud/web-based information systems and case management tools, mobile technologies, and interagency data sharing and integration efforts. Also, this report explores other emerging technologies like data visualization, the internet of things (IoT), location-based services or geo fencing, and intelligent automation technologies. Lastly, this report discusses the benefits and challenges of implementing and using these mobile technologies.
This study from Casey Family Programs provides insight into the use of child care subsidies to reduce rates of child maltreatment. The data was collected from a collection of 655 mothers in the state of Illinois.
This study examines the impact of income stability--measured by one-time wage shocks, cumulative wage shocks, and stable earnings duration—on child maltreatment risk.
Association between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and child mistreatment among a cohort of fragile families (October 2021)
This study examines TANF impact on African Americans and White mothers' perpetration of child maltreatment. The study reveals that increase in TANF benefits reduces physical events.
This slide deck summarizes Chapin Halls's work on leveraging economic supports to prevent child maltreatment and promote family well-being.
If you want to know if a program is working, it’s important to ask the people it is designed to serve. Chapin Hall recently released a qualitative study based on interviews with young people who participated in LifeSet, a program to help young people in foster care acquire the skills needed to make a successful transition into adulthood.
The Economic & Concrete Supports as a Core Component slide deck addresses the intersection of family economic insecurity and likelihood of child welfare involvement, the impact of racial economic disparities, the effect of reducing and increasing economic and concrete supports, and federal and state policies that promote a child and family well-being system.
Cash transfers—or payments, typically from the government, made directly to individuals or households—can support the heathy development and well-being of young children and address ongoing needs for families with low incomes. A new Child Trends brief from Emily Maxfield and Dana Thomson provides recommendations for policymakers to craft new, and strengthen existing, cash transfer initiatives
How is Broward County, Fla., advancing racial justice for families involved with the child protection system?
This Q&A session hosted by Casey Family Programs provides insight in Broward County, Florida’s community convenings on racial equity. The meetings provided a platform for galvanizing and growing community-wide attention to the racism embedded in the child welfare system.
This report explores the implicit bias and the disparate entry of African Americans in the child welfare system and assesses the role racism in the equitable provision of child welfare services.
Transforming child welfare: Prioritizing prevention, racial equity, and advancing child and family well being (April 2021)
This policy brief advances several recommendations for policymakers to transform child welfare system through prevention lens and address institutional racism. Those recommendations focus on mandatory reporting systems, investing in evidence-based interventions, and increasing funding for kinship care
Racial disproportionality and disparities in the child welfare system: Why do they exist and what can be done to address them? (January 2019)
This study uncovers the causes of racial disproportionality in the child welfare system and address the structural and institutional racism that contribute to the separation of children from their families.
Structures of Oppression in the U.S. Child Welfare System: Reflections on Administrative Barriers to Equity
This article highlights the policies, law, and regulations that contribute or reinforce the racial disparities in the child welfare system including mandated reporting, substantiation decisions, decision making processes, background checks, and conservative interpretations of confidentiality statutes.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services provides a collection of concrete supports to promote child and family wellbeing. The resource contains state and local examples.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provide a collection of resources, publications, and fact sheets on the prevention of violence, effects of ACES and broadly effects of childhood trauma
This report from the Administration for Children and Families describes financial information on a quarterly basis for the title IV-E Foster Care, Adoption Assistance, Guardianship Assistance, Prevention Services, and Kinship Navigator programs.
Child Abuse and Neglect Data System and Victimization, Child Abuse, and Neglect Data System (April 2022)
The Children's Bureau Data Analytics and Reporting Team released the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) data from FY 2019 that represent the county-level distribution of child abuse and neglect reports that are screened-in by CPS agencies. The second source contains maps showing the county-level distribution of child victimization, abuse, and neglect. The NCANDS is a federally-sponsored national data collection effort created for the purpose of tracking the volume and nature of child maltreatment reporting each year within the United States.
Federal data tool to search for all 50 states statutes in child abuse and neglect, child welfare, and adoption.
Visit the multimedia gallery to explore the "Why Prevention Matters" video collection, and more! Hear stories about how receiving community-based resources early on allowed parents to provide better care to their children. Use the resources in the gallery to inspire change in your prevention practice and strategies.
Leadership & State Models
This tool from the Legal Center for Foster Care and Education within the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law provides a benchmark for direct case advocacy and system reform. The states currently using the Blueprint for Change framework include: Florida, Iowa, Nebraska, Pennsylvania, Texas, Washington D.C., and West Virginia.
Supportive Communities, Resilient Families, Thriving Children: Indiana's Framework for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect
Indiana has implemented the Supportive Communities, Resilient Families, Thriving Children framework for prevention of child abuse and neglect. The framework’s purpose is to create a statewide approach to work towards all children thriving in safe, stable, nurturing, and supportive families and communities that foster resilience and well-being.
Strengthening Families and Essentials for Childhood Slide Deck – CDC Project on Preventing Child Maltreatment
This slide deck summarizes North Carolina’s and Colorado’s experiences and work implementing the Essentials for Childhood Initiative.
Chapin Hall and Gov. J.B. Pritzker released a “Blueprint for Transformation” of behavioral health services for Illinois youth. The Blueprint is a roadmap to rebuild the way the state delivers behavioral and mental health services and is the product of a year of data analysis, stakeholder engagement, and cross-department collaboration. The implementation phase, which is starting now and will also be led by Chapin Hall, will include engaging families in designing service improvements, scaling the pilot centralized intake system, and increasing capacity to serve more children and families.
Toolkits and Quick Reference Materials
The third part of Chapin Hall's Family First Toolkit contains tools intended to serve as a foundation for evaluating the ongoing implementation and effectiveness of Family First prevention services using a continuous quality improvement process.
List of Indiana financial resources for kinship families.
Flow chart of financial assistance options in Indiana.
State statutes on resources for foster youth, as well as extended foster care, past the age of 18.
The State Child Abuse & Neglect (SCAN) Policies Database now includes updated state statutes for users interested in statutory language regarding child abuse and neglect definitions for 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
State Statutes for Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect
State Success Stories